News is “A summary of things happening today and of what is going to happen.” The first mention of news appears in English in the 1490s in the Charter of the New South Wales dated to document book II of the Tudor dynasty. From this time it has been a source of information throughout the world and can now be found in many languages including Latin, Greek, Hindi, Urdu and Tamil. In Australia the phrase “the news” is used to identify any type of periodical devoted to bringing people up to date with anything happening in a community or country. The phrase is also used to name a popular television program produced by Australian network SBS that is similar to the British version of the show.
News carries with it an important social, political, environmental and scientific content that may impact on the lives of readers and listeners. News is not only for the daily newspaper but may also appear in radio, on television, in books and in magazines. News may influence the decisions of listeners and readers to react to a specific issue or proposition. This can be seen in the way certain news stories or images are acted out in certain political campaigns and debates.
News is created, managed and distributed by many different types of media entities. It is delivered by the print media, where reporters and freelancers report and write newsworthy stories based on their own specialized knowledge and experience. It is then distributed by many different mediums including radio, television, newspapers and magazines. Many television stations, for example, broadcast news around the clock as it becomes relevant and significant to their audience. Many newspapers and magazines also publish a daily round-up of news stories, which they send to their readers in a daily email newsletter. But perhaps the most famous means of news distribution and reporting is through the Internet, where millions of users log on every single day and read up to date news from all over the world.